The Organization of the So-Called Southern Song Painting Academy and Its Post-1279 Imaginary Reconstruction 南宋畫院之省舍職制與後世想像, Journal of Gugong Studies 2 (2005): 62-86.

Description
"The Organization of the So-Called Southern Song Painting Academy and Its Post-1279 Imaginary Reconstruction" 南宋畫院之省舍職制與後世想像, Journal of Gugong Studies 2 (2005): 62-86.

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 26
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information
Category:

Music

Publish on:

Views: 7 | Pages: 26

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Tags
Transcript
  kn rn lof  TheOrganizationsoftheso called SouthernSungPaintingAcademy andItsIm-aginationsafter1279 jtJ~m~: :It *~ 1*I I @i ~Jt * -1'ii % 191:V:, llR iliiJ:,'C zAJlt ; ;t ~,~~~~ m~ ~@i~. ~*~~~A.* f§,  qjjJ=I1~', ~X:~ ,'I25.-g~ =~~±':3tx:T~.,~~~ @i~ R*~m,~~ff~.~~~..*-g~~*~ @i~-~~~~~~~,~~~ ~1 I~*m~~.~ffi,~ft~~ili@i~~~~-~ liT ,  lit1*IZ9~fr',  7JtR~ =#PJfil§j @i~~JtiJt-±':3~~@i~~iJt,JiiTil§j~.liBif8l ~~~~.liBif8l.~,6)f~.*@i~,~.X:••@~±':3~-* ~@i~Jt~iJt(ifu,\i\) ,'~~.liic:T(B1f81',  ~~iliu fiiJA tM ;)} , ~Hffit'it ;) (-g#J) ~~s~ffi; ~:lt*@i~7tC:t :l.z.lj:r.IJjllR$(~@i,~@i. iliH~:f m.~~. WM).~f§~~~.~~,  @i~ . ~~ @i*+=t4 ,JiiT~i.iE:th5$±':3:t§,; li~-~.~.~f§~~;t~~%.ffllR=~~~z. *.M@i~rp S3:51Ui:tJlW~hci±~;  qjjJM@irp 11.**::£ {§ JiSkiEJiiT,9:~*m\;~~~~iJt. ~it -qjjJM §)Z ~~ mM ,   z.~ft~~~ ~~a*~*= ~~,ft~*.~mllR~~~~.~~lIR~~m,IZ'ImW'f A~fjz  @i~Jt'.i:E1146.1186q:.:Wmm~,1169.1274q:.11\ll~1J;t;.236:q:.«lj Jj1llt~~»,1275q:.«~~:T»~W'f*~.0fLX:.JiBIJ~1*i1 l~~~,~~~@i~~.*~. ~*~§~.*A ~~z..*@i~,  1[~~nu1l· 1167:q:.«@i~~»=11~1t~fjz:lt*@i~rp{:fllR @i~ ,im~:t~W'f*@i~rp{t :lIR@i~.«@im»z.PJf~~tt~m W'f*@i~ ~1Z'I~.*~li~;t~@i~.ffi~~~W'f**~Hi:Eff~-~.~~~.~:V:~~.~~~~*.fjz @i   ~m~. 1Z'I~_*A~MmR,~~f§~~@i~=I1~~.R~~, i±~.~. ~=lj JjftTI:q:.~@i~*~~-~~~~m W'f*@i~ ~~m~a. *miii]: W'f*@i~mm@i~mM@i~@i*+=H~ ~tJ:ta  eng uiping Abstract:ThegeneralviewheldbymostChineseartcriticsthinkthe SouthernSungPaintingAcademy wasareplicaoftheNorthernSungHsuan-hoPaintingAcademy,Thisessayproposestoresearchtheorganizationsontheso-called SouthernSungPaintingAcademy andtrytopointouthowtheYuan,MingandCh'ingartcriticsimagineditaftertheSouthernSungDynastywascollapsedin1279,TheNorthernSungPaintingAcademywasoneofthefourbureausoftheHan-linAcademyunderthesupervisionofthePalaceDomesticService(NeissuSheng),togetherwiththebureausofCalligraphy,Astronomy,andMedicineintheHan-linAcademy.However,whileSouthernSungDynastyrenaissanceinHang-chou,thethreeotherbureauswerereconstructedintheHan-linAcademy,onlyPaintingAcademywaseliminatedanddisappeared,NoevidencecouldbeprovedtheexistenceofPaintingAcademyinthisDynasty,Whendiditestablishwasnotfounded.Whereitsgeographiclocationwasnotrecordedinearlyhistoricaldocuments.Thethreekindsofso-called address werenotexactlyacademicvestige,Moreover,wecan'tfigureoutwhat'stheupperinstitutionthatdominatedandmanagedthis PaintingAcademy .InNorthernSungDynasty,theHan-linPaintingAcademicwassupervisedbytwopalaceeunuchs(kou-tang g '3). Undertwokou-tangswereclassifiedbyfourrankingtitles:Tai-chao,I-hsueh,Chih-hou,Hsueh-shengandothercarpenters,ButinSouthernSung,itseemsthatnolegitimateentranceexaminationandrecruitingagency.ThestaffjustonlyconferredTai-chaoandChih-hou,bothofwhicharenotformalofficialtitle.Allevidencesmentionedaboveindicatethattheso-called SouthernSungPaintingAcademy wasnotanactuallyentityinstitution.It'savirtualimagination,Sincethe SouthernSungPaintingAcademy wasafiction,theadvancedquestionis,iftheacademypalaceneverexistence,howthepaintersservedinimperialcourt?Analyzedthemembershipsofcourtpainters,wetestifiedthatpaintersandartisansweresubdividedintotwocategories:TheexcellentproficiencysuchasHsiaochao,MaYuanandMaUnweremaneuverableandmobile,labeledas Yu-ch'ienhua-shih ( 1l'pmrj]jjj~ijJ) andfavoredbytheemperor,Nevertheless,theyliveoutsidethecourtsincethere'snovacancycanberesidedandregistered,Besides,anotherpartswerediffusedattachtosomemanufacturinggovernment,craftsmenwerewidelydistributedintoYu-ch'ienChia-k'u (1i IJmr Itl~), Hsiu-neiSsu (1~rtJ P]), Wen-ssuYuan(X}l .l, lJt)orotherCraftsInstitutionsinchargeofdecoratedpaintings.Insum,thefictional SouthernSungPaintingAcademy couldn'tfulfillanyrequirementinNorthernSungHan-linPaintingAcademy,norcoulditcomparewiththebureausofSouthernSungCalligraphy,Astronomy,andMedicine.ThustheSouthernSungcontemporarycataloguesorhistoricaldocumentswerenotevaluateditas PaintingAcademy until1279,Keywords:SouthernSongPaintingAcademy;RoyalPaintingAcademy;painterbyimperialappointment;thirteenschoolsofpaintersfromthePaintingAcademy;imaginaryarthistory,   ¥wxt 1¥f*l lJlJ'GB9%*tiJ$tiikltiLtE::lt*@#OOl lJIlJ'G~~N~~k,~~~*l lJIlJ'G~A~iL~~~~~m.IO$* ¥~~~~m~1¥f*l lJIlJ'G~ffi~~~2,@¥T~m1¥f*~l lJIlJ'G~~.m~,~~::ti¥JX*%1¥f * l lJlJ'G J)],(:5l ij• iftt f'f: jJ ::ti¥JX  J9;j~~~ i¥4ill1:'t: 30 ::It*@#OOl lJllJ'GjJl lJIlJ'G ,i ,IT,iE::7Gl lJ~~1*$.~A~ l lJIlJ'G ~~o~AAAAA(IT~)~IT~~l lJtJLfiJjJ iJ#l lJIlJ'G ; 5I;J3lE.k'J l lJ~ * m~miE:~gg~l lJm~5;5I;A~~~m~~l lJ~*If-1fl::'f l lJIlJ'G 0 ft1rJ5I;ui ' ,i ,IT,~ggl lJ9jfi*Fvo-rtfiT1'§-~j111~,1£H~P*Bz5I;A1£~lj3Tl lJIlJ'G ,~~~A~~~m l lJIlJ'G ~~A~fi~ l lJ~ ~ )(~~I2Sj.j1L ~~IE=+=4 (1362 4)f~:tm5:95::it1:±*t2.(1f *,i fB~,f;Z**iiOO >< ::It:?:~gtw~~~)::t~mili: *~*1¥f~,~~~~~~Il lJ~~$~~,~l lJ~~,~~T~o~~.~,~~:'f~m~~,~§jJllJ'Gl lJ,W*,i ~~~~ ,~OO~~A ] fJ ujwRichardEdwards, TheArtofLiTang, ArchivesoftheAsianAi SocietyofAmerican. ]2(1958),pp.48-60.RichardEdwards. LiTangandtheKoto-inLandscapes. TheBurlingtonMagazine. 1]4(1972).pp.304-314. 9J'JI1Cffi: {*f~jjljjllftj] lj*ii&j€iJt l.f.iI'3jifii D,{'POOjjljjWf'ii:~]981 '¥~ 1 WJ:m 172-]85; 9JiR~: {*f~jjljjllftjjljj*~mj}H~*Wf'ii:~19824~4Jl Jl l:39-6];1*JH:k:1(l¥J*1'l'f>:i)i.Xiliii~~'[290-303.ttJ+lgl:W~6fJt±.19864, 2~JjfS)j 7\:;10 il tJtI)j1J Fii.x~*~u1 Bttl1Jj] ljIlftxi¥i*1['i:ic:fRSSJ~~.tli'tfjJJt-J~~jj'j]lY:1J$f~jtti~tl, ~Jjfa)j: {*ftlfmUli*~~ 1 B1*I1Jj] ljIlft .Y'[70. 'Pi~45Fo], ]997 P.$llF ilE{*)j )jlfnZ':;*tJUt]~i2n,451::fR'F*f ,Jt1tm'ii:~ ~J\ &Y'[ ]42,fl lJilE \l45U,19994, 3 [B]#*.:{i¥i*Ilft#ili*jjljj~0~.-~~,.~~'P~tL~4\ ::fR'F C*m,  • Y'[49. *Jii:tti#ijHi.19784;#*I®::{*mi¥ii1t0;il~ t l'Ltf:rt31' if I:  ')l' ~ii\rr:( L i»~.(~$» ]98]41047MY'[]8;ScarlettJu-yuJang, IssuesofPublicServiceintheThemesofChineseCourtPainting, (Ph.D,Dissertation,UniversityofCalifornia,Berkeley.1989),p.32. 4 5CmUm. {iI5:}~fl l-t ;j jj1*jjljjllft : ;j jjtfj] ljjifill. '£:*3f*-t41];J.Jillti' j] lj14ill*n ,Y'[781. 'Pi~40Fo], ]974 1', jJ~~l lJ~,~k'J~A~1¥f*l lJIlJ'G~~m~~:7G~~~~~~~~l lJIlJ'G~~*~~,~~~~::lt*~~~ ~,tf ,t  l lJIlJ'G iPjm:JI~tiJ,~1*J~)~)(, 3 Jt ~£'~,'Gl,mJiJTij f1¥f*l lJIlJ'G ffi t:.~~c 11=jJ')'£ltiL ~~B J~&tJLfiJ,: t* @#OOl lJIlJ'G '§1 lH**~~~~.,A~~~~~m~:~oo~W~~~l lJ1lJ'G1lJ'G~,~~~~~~ffi~re~,~~~MOO~kTmtJlttg, ~m45*~9~i)li]~$JL:i 1, ~ffl lJ9jfi~1 lUTl lJIlJ'G,~m%lll lJ~.~~m,~~~*OO~~~~N,~ JJt~JJ ~f*l lJIlJ'G B J1jM~fk1Lj:,1¥f*l lJ~ iik~ (-)7G 1 f1IHftJi-m*tJ*llili~ 1 mvMi 3~~~~~,m~~ m~ ~*~~. 1¥f*5::*itj ;/G¥U IlIDIlJ'G t§:kiPj1[(§tEl lJ~,rnl lJ~,l lJZ~,OOl lJ~,l lJ~f,~OOk$*%~ ~~¢A~~·llk~~±ft·t-~8IX-llk~± i'YO I'fJ/I'- :';IfHl-c:l Z JIl3(.JJ)~'/,1 '=:'PjJ Iill JIl3()~, I (M45~  9 4 )11=~~7*Bt1:f  11{E1C~1C:J7C 9,(~ 5 5C5U~ O~~:llO  ,w*lf'.:9::Jl;.=:~m* : ;F~~j] ljllftfPi$ 8, t§fiil7':l*J7J i'iJ1t..,451:3.RT5Ci' fi2DJ:X;~Y'[134], 'P 45Fo], ]9874. 6 5CI®Uffl~..iI:.5Ci' fill (m~)~  ~~5Cffi (,w) *If'.~/fl'':''*If'.jjljj~fPi$B1,j] lj1lft%'HtfF61$ ,Y'[1841. 'P 45Fo]. ]9874. 7 ~ti<::/t*1 B1*/flj] ljIlftZ:.1;fiFj,I,\J~,84-10734f j; ;j jj1*/fljjljj~JG ,0824f j; 1 Btt/fl@jFo](i: ffiF/flj] ljFo]; , mil1lFo]   ~*mUj;IPJ-i&JjIL~ <£[~X1i¥i*-g1lti:oil imtt]zJltiiiJWi1: jjljj,j£ -i l7 ,iJFt >L~IPJi&JjIJz: /flj] ljllft j] ljFo] , j] ljZ':;fijJ /fljjljj',1l''''¥t¥.&PJfjbHIJsS jjljjJii: '¥t¥. 8 ]~24H~{~ffi.~~~~~$D,~~ft~*~a~i*#A~*~D*Jf,;~ jJ. £[:j fiJF~Ei'::/tJii:OOiRl1J45t§j :j]l:7't:EJK~B:iil*~uD*, jJt jlJJff*J .J1*±5J1J.fj'1i~+~.jj'j]~T{lJffi~~ri:] §;fIlFnt1l'12744{Je1G1J.~~)45I:#.(Je1GIJ.~~~R••45Ilftjj'j]~.il iIlft.rt{~ffi~~@xjjljjllftic.,9i¥i*}i'iJi*.nZ:j]l:Ilih~~);(I1694jj)(~),WmTjnjlfrp'iil'*Vriil*~IJ*,mTiIAB.',tf:JMti.]9834  ~E:; ,z.) 1::--: == ~~;Wi.5ttz:{f llfu~R:j3 I, ~/I\./ '::.~~  2:::::~.:- g-. fg:Jg~tlt11 fit J~/)]t rm* -I:': Irs -¥~~i$~~:5R  fit J§trinL~m, 5k~ ± ~.±::-;+-~ lltz.F1;= liCF1;= 2.IQ'I''''''':;l;:<'P'4I.rh~3 .'>~ ': r~   Z ;::;:J  om  : /JJ.:r   ·I~)-:::r~1.:fJ/J~ a:k .:;V J .1=f J=lj, ;n*~  J i:f:kW ,  1, W ~JtM:fz.*VtJ::<:W*:%:W:, ~ ~Z':ffij ,  5k~W ~i1 ff~jtZ':m=mof§JB1~J~jt ,~~,m~,~~~W~M.@/)]t?~~~~~j3 . .~~~~~~,~~~~~ .~~(*~~~~ rg) ,  1~I*JP](7J*'~ilit) , )\11=] (J~Ha- iJ) ,  X }Gl,/)]t~~tJi:*) , m~/)]t(BBI*tiJ) , ~~/)]t(fiJ 1=tiJ) ,  ~/)]t(::ili:tmtiJ) , ~411=%;:1~xtiJ,0Jf:~~tiJ) ~I~~11=0.~~~,M~@/)]t$R~*tIt?;fE1274q::WJ*i:I:i*IIfu~~tmOO (00-: 1),R:tmOO(OO-:~~,~kmP]:Jg~M~¥:W:m;fE,~*WJ*i:l:illfu~t{t1,OO~ 15(~P]*1JUl) , $$*/)]t(~ s:n) ,  1r:~W(Jli:m$.JJtJi:) %~Jf:%, 11 .JM(:D't)]ttJi:) * /)]t(~% I WJ) fit J/)]t(~s: n) ,  ~¥3t;g(~s:n) , ~~/)]t(~s:n) ,  .:E~Jm J 51'.JIiJ\£i   {~*~;U fJU#U.  mi51.t;C 1k:  ~i¥:mLf}i(j'C ,yr 5856, OK 51'.~i~/J,t51.::kx U IJit6,l:iilf;:J:j~iliJ(Jj(:f±,2001 '¥o (§~(LIJ*/ M~m) ~IffiJi$*1iz1:fz.~:Jg--JlPff,tI~~, @/)]t 11=~w~;~('.§p1~~t~*~, l )H1JJ.1\:V ~~~~#m~,~~~;fE~OOk$~~~~?W~OO~~~tml*J*+=@Z~@,~tiJ,m*mm,~1t~frilg~*~@/)]t? (=) ~WmiA~f.JM*  1 U~~f1f: ~:ff~ ~J I U~~:l:d: ~~7Jffi~~§tr,~~{fM-$~.x~~~#l~ffi~BtlB]klfEWJ*(1127-1279:q::) :@ Wi 5 ili~,*A@~~.~~~~~~*~~~m~~R :5t7J*'~ilit ,~tEt{f1ij tIW ~~ic} (7Jffi:q::flJfP)Z Jm~ ~o;fE~~§tr,WJ*,ft,~m~~.~~*~WJ*  l J~ ~it nIjH:fz.~oW~~~~~**~~WJ*,ftft¥Mx~,rm][tjC511J.ii~~5KtJJ:<:,~Et1f1ij,m1~ffi'~%~~Jli:~~,{l}X1~~3~m1'1'1:<:1#mt{t1,~, P~EifiWB'J  WJ* @ /)]t/)]till: (:;&-): :;&-lC11J1u~7Jffi~m1~@.5:jc:M~ m§tr 7J 2 Wg ~ l'l'tJ[: {~ji{i;~» (J275 '¥) 19jL  VJmi§] 1k, lltrt,\j'f'iyr 82, Jliij;o /FJE*~'f'i2js:.fpoiJ1ftr.A.~iliJ(Jj(;f±,1980 '¥o  > '- 20i t§;[l,s4 :¥Wit. ilR,;; ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ iiW1~~ <Of\l±, iX§;[l,M:»;&ft ~:H'Itq:tliT§tr U1,  Jt t~~-j§J-I5~lIll~~ fm1*,Ej S i8J7C:1f......~~I8],1163~~IiEj/, g~1±:q:tli,t§ x14 (1235~){~~ ii.I~J:JJ~{:fO. ilo 1163 Jt :&.'O~*~i.R»Hf,~*~m :H~~I8],f~* gEj:tliT.::Fi¥i164~\ g#.::Fq:tlit§x1,~{~~ ii.I~J:JJi~~f.fO. ilo 3 }jJlmJ t3£ ~••S}H.*.ftM g.::Fq:tliT,§.~~~ : &ft,1244~ *.=-Z-, ~iHl:w~*~o 4{~~ ii.I~J:JJ, fX)Wf « ~%f)~~} Hq:tli1±:1JEPf1J...t, :k5t&'VflZtfu, t:f$ g,=l'*±(~:t§~)~J~j~o 5TG~~o ;.£ 1270~ mi. ?~«FnX;i-'i'-l\ili :iit»: HFnX;i-'i'-/\~1270~) ~-EIJ fi- IX 1.1imi :J[A~o 6 lffo275~ ~ & «1t~~»: Hmi¥iJ:JJ~I:;=:TG~§tri~zi:f:IliTo 7 i¥i ~:&.'«i¥i*m.~»H~~ ~~H~$~:fE\:;f;i\1m ...tJ$0 8 1280~§~:&.'«fE\:;f;i\IBS»HliT~~ ~Hq:tli,'=-:TG~)  lo 9 1235~±, iX*~7f{19~, ) IJ1':f*1lE J Z8l'tt:4 ~'@;*1m)0 13 -hB~ «lmtlljlijm~»:H~I:; g-'=i*Im~j[[,1iJi~I8], t~~:3\:;~••~~~$,.~.~~fi£,.S~~,.TlmtllS *~~~: ~ftf.J-, .*~., ~~7t1 ,~~f&~J).Zo 14~*Im=*«FnX;~~~iit}H'@;:Im,1±:~il*z*,~*~*i'lEP1m=i¥i*1274~~~~~~§,~.Vfl$R~.::F~~1':f ii.l,$:~£~~1lE J:reIm,1m~~.u~o 15~MFimi lffo« 1t~~ »:H±, iX*wril9~*i'lEPIm,IlD~*lmo 161275~:F~:&.'«fE\:;f;i\IB» < i'lEPm> §R: H'@;*Im:~il9~0 280~~j§ ~*~~§II1ii$/F-,litf**:relmo 171.]J;f'~~7C@J~l1,~~0C1¥I*@i lff=1¥IIlJ]J;f'~~. ~ =i f~: 1li~J3~~2.Hi¥iIlJ]J;f'~~.,imi lffIB±. J:JiH1±: ~1.1Ili~JB*1.1Jl:l:)J[¥~tLUJ5 z;jyj   Ili:&.'* tJl:l:*;~~tt z~ «fE\:**~J3S»*0J35jHlJz~;£«fE\:;f;i\IBS»oo 1 1l)j,*~IHj;\:Cfr'iWl:)jt 'li~}~~.:m11.&/;4H~$;tJJ#liO.*lY11lf%fp4'1~.1939'¥o 2 i¥J*ilij1~~i : n~J]JH~Jl'D (1235'¥) r1Jft Jk. :m80. iJIi¥IA~iliJi H±. 1983'¥. 3 OR${kiJU 5JIJ~L 1 1i%,*rp Jk. Jltr:tIH.In5841. 4 :5I;:XiJ~m:~#.:\tm~»)(4z~:@~*tfJ~)~-  ftJ'jJ-g . :m9. ~1liEj3 F (1774'¥)ffJl'j~tJnjs:,:Jl}jPpOOgj*OO45~~o 5 i¥J*itiil'f~fr(Pfi~ 'l}. ~jC3jz'T «i5t~-=:¥P*}:IlIJ-In2174-2179. Lmtl ~iliJi itL 6 l¥i*mi5tb<:.~~~IIi1i1C;' ';}(1274'¥).:i1J:7't~m#.:\tj1[H';\f:)jt{h**.1[l\llto*:5I;1J;' ';&/;iJ*,:IlIJ-0 7 ~P.~}~~~ I~ Jk.Jltr.45:mIWo 8 Jj'fj'fr,': ~i¥J*r1JJ§ :i~»  j@~ Jk. C&~T«iU~-=:¥P*}:IlIJ-5:m27990
Related Search
Similar documents
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks