مبادئ علم نظم المعلومات الجغرافية GIS Sience (in Arabic)

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مبادئ علم نظم المعلومات الجغرافية GIS Sience (in Arabic)

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      ﻳ     ﺍﺭﻐﺟﻟﺍ    ﻣﻭ     ﻌﻣﻟﺍ   ﻡﻅﻧ   ﻡ     ﻋ   ﺉﺩ   ﺑﻣ   Principles of GIS Science ﺩ . ﻭﺍﺩ   ﷴ   ﻌﻣﺟ   Gomaa M. Dawod     ﻟﻭﻷﺍ   ﺧﺳﻧﻟﺍ   ١  ـﻫ  / ١  ﻡ         ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﻻﺍ   ﻳﻗ  ﺗﺍ   ﺗ   ﻪ   ܸܾﻭ   ۶۵ﺗﻛ݆۴   ۴ﺫݒ݆۵ﺯﻭ     ﺟﻳ   ݑ   ﻧﺃ   ݙ   ﻧܳﻳ   ۵   ﻣﻣ   ݙﻣݣﺳﻹ۴   ܸܾﻭ݆۴   ﺩܲ۴ﻭܾ   ܱﻳﻣﺟ݆   ܱﺿﺧﻳ   ﻭ   ﻣ݇ﺳﻣ   ﻭ   ݈݇ﺳﻣ   ﻝﻛ݆ݐﺭﻳﻭﺻ   ﺗ   ﻭﺃ   ݑ   ܳﺑﻁ   ݐﺩ۵   ܲﺃ   ﻭﺃ   ۻ   ﻳﻧﻭﺭﺗﻛ݆ݢ۴   ݑﺗﺭﻭ   ﺻ   ݙ   ﻓ   ݑ   ܳﻳﺯﻭﺗ   ۺﺩ۵ܲﺇ   ۻ ﺭﺷ   ﺑ   ﺩ   ﺑݣﻓ   ݀   ݆ﺫ   ܸݣ   ﺧﺑ   ۵   ﻣﺃ   ݑ   ﺗ۵ﻳﻭﺗﺣﻣ   ﻥ   ﻣ   ۱ﺷ   ݘﺃ   ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗ   ﻭﺃ   ﺭﻭﺻ݆۴   ﻥﻣ   ۺﺭﻭﺻ   ݘ۫ﺑ   ݑﻧﻣ   ܉ﺑﺭﺗ݆۴   ݈ﺩܲܸ݆ﺅﻣ݆۴   ﻥﻣ   ۻﺑﻭﺗﻛﻣ   ۻﻘﻓ۴ﻭﻣ   ݙ݇ܲ   ﻝﻭﺻﺣ݆۴   ﻥﻣ .  ______  _______________________________________________   ݡ݆ۺﺭ۵ﺷ݆ﺇ۶۵ﺗﻛ݆۴   ۴ﺫݒ  - ܱﺟﺭﻣﻛ   – ܄ﺫﻭﻣﻧ݆۴   ܰ۵ﺑﺗﺇ   ء۵ﺟﺭﺑ   ݆۵ﺗ݆۴ :  ۻﻳﺑﺭܳ݆۴   ۻﻐ݇݆۵ﺑ :  ﷴ   ۻ   ܳﻣﺟ   ﺩﻭ۴ﺩ  ١        ﻳﻓ۴ﺭﻐﺟ݆۴   ۼ۵   ﻣﻭ݇ܳﻣ݆۴   ݈     ﻅﻧ   ݈   ݇ܲ   ﺉﺩ۵   ﺑﻣۻ   ﻛ݇ﻣﻣ݆۴     ۻ   ﻣﺭﻛﻣ݆۴   ۻ   ﻛﻣ   ۻﻳﺩﻭܳﺳ݆۴   ۻﻳﺑﺭܳ݆۴ .  ۻﻳﺯﻳ݇ﺟﻧݢ۴   ۻﻐ݇݆۵ﺑ : Dawod, Gomaa M., 2014, Principles of GIS Science (in Arabic), Holy Makkah, Saudi Arabia.  ______  ______  _  ___  _____________________________________      ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ   ﺧﺳﻧﻟﺍ   ﻣﺩﻘﻣ    ﷽ ݙﺗ۵     ﻳﺣ   ݙ     ﻓ   ݙ     ﻧﻘﻓﻭﻭ   ۵   ﻣ݇ܲ   ݙ   ﻧﺑݒﻭ   ݘﺫ     ݆۴   ﺭﻳﺩ     ﻘ݆۴   ݈ﻳ     ݇ܳ݆۴   ﻪ   ﺩ     ﻣﺣ݆۴   ﻭ݆۴   ݑﻳ݇ܲ   ﷲ   ﺩﺑܲ   ﻥﺑ   ﷴ   ۻﻳﺭﺑ݆۴   ﺭﻳﺧ   ﻭ   ݈ﻣﻷ۴   ݈݇ܳﻣ   ݙ݇ܲ   ݈ݣﺳ݆۴ﻭ   ۺݣﺻ݆۴ﻭݣﺳ݆۴   ﻭ   ۺݣﺻ .  ﻝݓﺗﺑﺃ   ﻭ   ﻭܲﺩﺃ݆ﺇ۵   ﻣﻓ   ݈ﻳﺭﻛ݆۴   ݑݓﺟﻭ݆   ﻝﻣܳ݆۴   ۴ﺫݒ   ݙﻧﻣ   ﻝﺑﻘﺗﻳ   ﻥﺃ   ﻝﺟ   ﻭ   ﺯܲ   ݙﻘ݆۵ﺧ   ﻭ   ݘݢﻭﻣ   ܳﺗ   ݐﺅ۵ﺿﺭﺇ   ݢﺇ   ۼﺩﺭﺃ݆۵ﻥ   ﻣ   ݢﺇ   ݑ   ﺗﻭﻣ   ﺩ   ܳﺑ   ܱ   ﻁﻘﻧﻳ   ݈ﺩ۴   ﻥ   ﺑ۴   ﻝ     ﻣܲ   ﻥﺃ   ݈ﻳﺭ   ﻛ݆۴   ݑ݆ﻭ     ﺳﺭ   ﻝﻭ     ﻘ݆   ۵ﻘﻳﻘﺣﺗﻭ   ݈ݒﺩﺣﺃ   ﺙݣﺛ : ﺑ   ܱܻﺗﻧﻳ   ݈݇ܲ  .  ﻥܲ   ۻﻳﺑﺭܳ݆۴   ۻﻐ݇݆۵ﺑ   ݣﻣܲ   ݈ﺩܾﺃ   ﻥﺃ   ۼﺩﺭﺃ ﺉﺩ  ﺑﻣﻟﺍﻡﻳﻫ  ﻣﻟﺍ  ﻳﺳ  ﺳﻷﺍﻡ     ﻌ  ﻣﻭ   ﻌﻣﻟﺍ   ﻡﻅﻧ  ﻳ     ﺍﺭﻐﺟﻟﺍ ﻣﺑ۶ݣﻁ   ۶ﺳ۵ﻧﻳ   ݘﻭﺗﺳﻣ݆۴ﻭﻷ۴   ﻳܳﻣ۵ﺟ݆۴   ۻ݇ﺣﺭﻣ݆۵   ﺷ   ۵   ܳﺟﺭﻣ   ﺱﻳ   ݆   ۴ﺫ   ݓﻓ   ﻣ۵۵     ﻣﻧﺇﻭ   ﻝﺧﺩ       ﻣ   ﻭ   ݒ         ﻘﻓ  . ۶   ﻧ۵ﺟ݆۵ﺑ   ݈ﺗ         ݓﻳ   ݙ݆۵       ﺣ݆۴   ۶۵   ﺗﻛ݆۴ﻭﺭ   ﻅﻧ݆۴       ﻘﻓ۵   ﻧ۵ﻛ   ﻥﻳﻳﺭ         ﺧﺃ   ﻥﻳﺑ۵   ﺗﻛ   ݙ     ݆   ﻥﺃ   ﺙ     ﻳﺣﺋ۴ﺭﺧ݆۴   ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗ   ݙﻓ   ء۴ﻭﺳ   ݙ݇ﻣܳ݆۴   ݙﻘﻳﺑﻁﺗ݆۴   ۶ﻧ۵ﺟ݆۵ﺑ   ﻥ۵ﻘ݇ܳﺗﻳ ۼ۵     ﻧ۵ﻳﺑ݇݆   ݙﻧ۵   ﻛﻣ݆۴   ﻝ   ﻳ݇ﺣﺗ݆۴   ﻭﺃ   ۻ   ﻳﻣܾﺭ݆۴   ﻁ   ۼ۵   ﻣﻭ݇ܳﻣ݆۴   ݈   ﻅﻧ   ݙ   ﻓ   ۻ   ݇ﻣ۵ﻛﺗﻣ     ۻ   ܲﻭﻣﺟﻣ   ۴ﻭﺩ       ܳﻳ   ﻥﺃ   ﻥ   ﻛﻣﻣ݆۴   ﻥ     ﻣ   ۵   ܳﻣ     ۻ   ﺛݣﺛ݆۴   ۶   ﺗﻛ݆۴   ﻥ۫   ﻓ   ݙ݆۵     ﺗ݆۵ﺑﻭۻﻳﻓ۴ﺭﻐﺟ݆۴ .   ﺣ݆۴   ۶۵     ﺗﻛ݆۴ﻭ۴   ﻭ     ݒ   ݙ݆۵   ﺳ۵ﺗ - ݑ   ﻘﻳﻓﻭﺗ   ﻭ   ݗ݆۵     ܳﺗ   ﷲ   ﻝﺿ   ܻﺑ  -   ۻ   ﻳﻣܾﺭ݆۴   ݙ     ﺑﺗﻛ   ۻ݇ﺳ   ݇ﺳ   ﻥ   ﻣ   ﻣ݆۴   ݙ       ݒﻭ   ݑﺗ۵   ﺿﺭﻣ   ء۵     ﻐﺗﺑ۴ﻭ   ݗ݆۵     ܳﺗ   ﷲ   ݑ   ﺟﻭ݆   ۻﺻ   ﺻﺧﻣ݆۴ۻﻛﺑ   ﺷ   ܱ     ܾ۴ﻭﻣ   ﻥ   ﻣ   ﺩ   ﻳﺩܳ݆۴   ݙ       ﻓ   ۺﺩﻭ   ﺟﻭۼﻧﺭﺗﻧݢ۴ . ۵     ﻣﻛﺭﻳ     ﺷﺃ   ﻥﺃ   ﺩﻭﺃۻ   ﻳﻧﻘﺗ݆۴   ۼ۵ﺣ݇ﻁﺻ   ﻣ݆۴   ﺽ   ܳﺑ   ۻ   ﻣﺟﺭﺗﺑ   ݙﻣ۵   ﻳﻘ   ݆ﺇﻥ۵   ﻓ   ۻ   ﻳﺑﺭܳ݆۴   ۻ   ﻐ݇݆۴   ݙ݇   ﺻ   ﷲ   ﻝﻭ   ﺳﺭ   ﻝ۵ܾ   ۵ﻣﻛ   ﻥ۴ﺭﺟﺃ   ݙ݇ﻓ   ۼ۫ﻁﺧﺃ   ﺩܾ   ۼﻧﻛ   ﻥﺇ   ﻭ   ﺭﺟﺃ   ݙ݇ﻓ   ۻﻣﺟﺭﺗ݆۴   ݙﻓ   ۼﺑﺻﺃ   ﺩܾ   ۼﻧﻛﺭܳ݆۴   ۼ۵ﺣ݇ﻁﺻﻣ݆۴   ݐﺫݒ   ﺽܳﺑ   ﻥﻣ   ۴ﻭﺑﺭﻐﺗﺳﺗ   ݢﺃ   ﻭﺟﺭ۫ﻓ   ݈݇ﺳﻭ   ݑﻳ݇ܲ   ﷲﺩﻳﺩﺟ݆۴   ۻﻳﺑ .  ۵ﺿ       ﻳﺃۼ۵       ﻣﻭ݇ܳﻣ݆۴   ݈       ﻅﻧ   ﻥ       ܲ   ۻ   ﻳﺑﺭܳ݆۴     ۻ   ﻐ݇݆۵ﺑ   ۶       ﺗﻛ݆۴   ﻥ       ﻣ   ﺭ   ﻳﺑﻛ   ﺩﺩ         ܲ   ﺩﻭ       ﺟﻭ݆   ۺﺭ۵   ﺷﻹ۴   ﺭﺩ     ﺟﺗۻﻘﻳﺭﻁ   ﻭ   ﺭﻅﻧ   ۻݓﺟﻭ   ݈ﻳﺩﻘﺗ   ۼﺩﺭﺃ   ݙﻧﻧﺃ   ݢﺇ   ۻﻳﻓ۴ﺭﻐﺟ݆۴ﺭܲ   ܻ݇ﺗﺧﻣﺩ     ﻣﺗܲﺃ   ݈݇ﻓ   ݙ݆۵ﺣ݆۴   ۶۵ﺗﻛ݆۴   ݙﻓ   ﻁﻘﻓ   ۻﻳﺑﻧﺟﻷ۴   ܱﺟ۴ﺭﻣ݆۴   ݙ݇ܲ   ݢﺇ . ݐﺫݒﻭﺑﺭﺟﺗ   ۵ݓﻳﻓ   ݈ﻛﺋ۴ﺭﺁ   ء۴ﺩﺑﺇ   ݈ﻛﻧﻛﻣﻳﻭ   ܉ﺟﻧﺗ   ﻥﺃ   ﻭﺟﺭﺃ   ﺣ۴ﺭﺻ  .   ܳﺗ   ﻭ   ݀ﺭ۵ﺑﺗ   ﷲ   ﻭܲﺩﻳ   ﻥﺃ   ۶۵ﺗﻛ݆۴   ۴ﺫݒ   ﻥﻣ   ﺩﻳܻﺗﺳﻣ   ﻝﻛ   ﻭ   ﺉﺭ۵ܾ   ﻝﻛ   ﻭܲﺩﺃ݆۵ﻭ   ݙ   ݆   ﺭ   ܻﻐﻳ   ﻥﺃ   ݑﺗ۵ﺑﻳﻭﺻﺗﻭ   ݑﺗ۵ﻘﻳ݇ܳﺗ   ﻭ   ݑﻳﺃﺭ   ﻥﻣ   ݙﻧﻣﺭﺣﻳ   ݢﺃ   ۵ﺿﻳﺃﻭ   ݘﺩ݆۴ﻭ݆ -  ݣﻓ   ﻭ   ﺹܾ۴ﻭ     ﻧ   ݑﺑ   ﻭ   ݢﺇ   ۶۵ﺗﻛ   ﺩﺟﻭ   ء۵ﻁﺧﺃ - ﻓ   ۻﻳﺣ۵ﺳﻣ݆۴   ۻﺳﺩﻧݓ݆۴   ﻯﺩﺗﻧﻣ   ﺭﺑܲ   ﻭﺃ   ݙﻧﻭﺭﺗﻛ݆ݢ۴   ﺩﻳﺭﺑ݆۴   ﺭﺑܲ   ء۴ﻭﺳ  : http://surveying.ahlamontada.com/   ﷽ .....  ﻣ     ﻋ   ﻧﺩﺯ   ﺑﺭ   ﻝﻗﻭ .... ﻳﻅܳ݆۴   ﷲ   ܼﺩﺻ .  ﻭ۴ﺩ   ﷴ   ۻܳﻣﺟ  dawod_gomaa@yahoo.com ۻﻣﺭﻛﻣ݆۴   ۻﻛﻣ : ۵ﺑܳ  ٣٥ݒ  
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