ETHIOPIAN CIVIL SERVICE COLLEGE Urban Management Masters Programme Impact of Vehicle Traffic Congestion in Addis Ababa (The case of Kolfe Sub-City: Total – Ayer Tena Road

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ETHIOPIAN CIVIL SERVICE COLLEGE Urban Management Masters Programme Impact of Vehicle Traffic Congestion in Addis Ababa (The case of Kolfe Sub-City: Total – Ayer Tena Road

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    ETHIOPIAN CIVIL SERVICE COLLEGE   Urban Management Masters Programme Impact of Vehicle Traffic Congestion in Addis Ababa (The case of Kolfe Sub-City: Total – Ayer Tena Road) By Yared Haregewoin  A Thesis Submitted to the Urban Management Masters Programme, Ethiopian Civil Service College, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Urban Management. June 2010 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia    ii  DECLARATIONS I Yared Haregewoin Registration Number 898/01 do hereby declare that this Thesis is my srcinal work and that it has not been submitted partially or in full by any other person for an award of a degree in any other university/institution. Participant: Yared Haregewoin  Signature………………………. Date……………. This Thesis has been submitted for examination with my approval as College supervisor. Advisor: Ato Atnafseged Kifle Signature……………………….. Date……………      iii   APPROVAL The undersigned certify that they have read and hereby recommend to the Ethiopian Civil Service College acceptance of the Thesis submitted by Yared Haregewoin, and entitled “Impact of Vehicle Traffic Congestion in Addis Ababa (The case of Kolfe sub city: Total  – Ayer Tena road)”  in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Masters Degree in Urban Management. Supervisor ……………….……...............Signature…………………. Date……………. Internal Examiner ……………...............Signature…………. …….. Date……………. External Examiner ..........………………Signature…………. ………..Date……………. Head of Department ........…………........Signature…………. ………..Date…………….    iv    Abstract  Economic development and high urbanization rate has caused many challenges to transportation system of Addis Ababa city. Among others, long travel time (delay), and waste of fuel. Many literatures are indicating that traffic congestion caused by inadequate of infrastructures and poor demand management, such incapable roads, inefficient public transit, poor land-use planning, high travel demand and so on. This paper focuses on the impact of traffic congestion on travel time and vehicles fuel consumption along “Total to Ayer-Tena” road in Addis Ababa city. Both quantitative and qualitative descriptive research design have been used. 270 respondents were drawn randomly from different purposively determined group of the societies. Secondary data was collected from transport organizations.    As a result,   it has found that traffic congestion caused by many reasons, such as imbalance between the traffic volume and road capacity, inflexible work schedules, inadequate public transport, and poor urban land-use plan are the main reasons. Most journeys along the road are from various peripheral areas of the city to the core areas mainly for daily work and market purposes. On average interval, peoples are traveling between 6 –10 km per day, and most of which are making in 6:30 – 9:30 a.m. and 5:30  – 7:30 p.m. Traffic is highly congested with in this two peak periods. In Addis Ababa, the  population of high occupancy vehicles is very low. Surprisingly, evidence shows that the volume of vehicles population will be doubled after 6.3 years, most of which are small personal and  private vehicles. Pertaining to the road network coverage of the city, data indicates that the total road length of the city is increasing from time to time. However, it is sluggish in contrasting with the annual vehicles population growth (1.6 %). Vehicles are consuming more fuel in a congested traffic environment than in a free flow condition though its extent is varying from vehicle to vehicle due to their fuel- efficiency and daily total distance traveling. Moreover, regarding travel-time or delay, it is 3 and 5 minutes per vehicle and passenger per trip with in a peak hours respectively. Specifically, the situation is becoming severe at Total intersection due to its narrowness. Lastly, congestion problem can be mitigated through different strategies, such as, apply flextime working time, improve capacity of roads, improving Public transport, experiencing adequate parking arrangements, implement transit-oriented development, and improved access management.    v   Acknowledgement In course of this thesis and its success, number individuals are involved. On top of every thing, I would like to thank the Almighty God   for his wonderful grace to carry me through. Secondly, I would like to express my appreciation to my  family  for their limitless help, and I thanks to my advisor  Ato Atnafseged Kifle   for his constructive comments and suggestions. I would like also to thanks to all Addis Ababa East Branch Transport Office and Addis Ababa City Road Authority staff members for their assistance in providing necessary documents. Particularly my great gratitude goes to  Ato Nesru Sultan and  Ato Million Seifu  from Addis Ababa Urban Management Institute,  Ato Mekonnen Tamene  from Capacity Building Bureau of Addis Ababa,  Ato Alemayehu Mamo  from Addis Ababa east  branch Transport Office,  Ato Girma Berra, Ato Zerihun Yefiru   and   W/o Tenaye Getachew  from Addis Ababa city Road Authority.  Mr. Aris Christodoulou  from Center of Transport Studies, Gower Street, London UK, and  Lisa Ravenscroft   from university of South Florida, Public Transportation Center for Urban Transportation Research.
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